TYPES OF TEFF
Teff has a delicious, nutty flavor and comes in three different varieties: white, brown and red, with each characteristic best suited to each specific condition.
Brown teff come from hardier plants and have a more pronounced flavor than white teff, its taste is more like hazelnut and can be used like oatmeal.
White teff (also known as Ivory teff)
Is the most expensive form of teff. In Ethiopia, white teff was reserved for the wealthiest and most prestigious families. White teff tastes a little like chestnuts and can only be grown in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia.
Red teff is the least expensive and least popular, but it is very high in iron. Today in Ethiopia, red teff is becoming more popular related to its increased iron content.
FORMS OF TEFF
Teff can be found as a grain and in flour form.
Teff grains consist primarily of the bran and germ. Since the bran and germ are the most nutritious part of any grain, this makes teff extremely nutrient dense. The grain is gelatinous when cooked and will act as a thickener.
Teff flour is a gluten-free flour, which makes it a great option for people with Celiac disease and other gluten sensitivities. They can be used to make bread or porridge.
It’s amazing how many nutrients are packaged in such a small grain, many essential minerals, vitamins, fiber, and organic compounds found in teff grain make it an ideal nutritional source for millions of people already.
1 ounce of Teff provide
2.2g Dietary fiber (9% DV)
50.4mg Calcium (5% DV)
2.1mg Iron (12% DV)
2.6mg Manganese (129% DV)
0.2mg Copper (11% DV)
Teff contains a wide range of minerals and nutrients, but in terms of calcium, it is truly impressive. Calcium is an essential mineral for bone growth and development, and helps contribute to solid bone mineral density as we age.
Speaking of minerals, the most unusually high mineral content comes in the form of iron. In fact, teff is commonly recommended for patients suffering from anemia. Iron is a key element in our red blood cells, and when there is an iron deficiency in the body, weakness, dizziness, cognitive impairment, muscle cramps, and headaches can often follow.
Boosts Digestive Health
Due to the high content of dietary fiber, teff can bulk up stool, stimulate peristaltic motion, and increase the regularity and quality of your bowel movements. Dietary fiber is also able to balance cholesterol levels in the body by eliminating excess omega-6 fatty acids, in addition to relieving constipation, bloating, cramping, and more serious gastrointestinal issues.
Support energy production
Another mineral in high concentrations in teff grain is copper, which plays important roles throughout our body, including in energy production, growth and repair, enzymatic reactions, nervous system function, and red blood cell creation.